Level 2Learn to Speak Adonese
By Matt Ragan

Lesson Three: Adjectives

Adjectives are words that describe nouns. Words like "good" for a boy or "red" for a color of fruit.

Adjectives always end with -a.

Unlike most languages, Adjectives need not "agree" with the noun in case or number. Adjectives can either preceed or follow the noun it decribes in Adonese. However — in normal, regular spoken Adonese the adjective usually follows the noun but it is not necessarily incorrect to do it the other way around.

Ann- Making opposing words

Good and Bad, Happy and Miserable, some adjectives are opposites of each other. "Ba" is used, just like with verbs, to make something a negative. This is the same as saying "Happy" or "Not happy" or perhaps "Unhappy."

However, it is also possible to use the "Ann-" prefix makes it a true opposite. "Ann-" can also be used with some nouns to make a true opposite, for instance "carel" is the word for the noun, "Friend." "Anncarel" is one way to say "Enemy."

Many dictionaries will also list the opposing "Ann-" form of an adjective rather than list every opposing form under the letter A. Note that not all Adjectives have an "Ann-" form in actual usage. For instance, while "Anncarel" is one way to say Enemy, "Fargrel" is actually the one most commonly used. "Leska" and "Gwipa" are the customary ways to say "Fast" and "Slow." However by placing an Ann- in front of a word you will always successfully convey what you are attempting to say, thus it is easier to teach the Ann- form to new students. In time, as your vocabulary grows, you'll learn the more customary ways to say certain words, but the "Ann-" form is never wrong. It's like the difference between saying "Enemy" and "Foe," it's just a matter of personal preference (as a general rule, whichever word has fewer syllables is probably the one that's used the most).

Examples

  • Good = da
  • Not Good = ba da
  • Bad = Annda
  • Happy = Dyda
  • Not Happy/Unhappy = Ba dyda
  • Miserable = Anndyda
  • Friendly = Cara
  • Not Friendly/Unfriendly = Ba cara
  • Mean = Anncara

More vocabulary

Adjectives

  • Big (Small) = Jira (Annjira)
  • Cheap (Expensive) = Druda (Anndruda)
  • Clean (Filthy) = Glena (Annglena)
  • Crisp (Soggy) = Sycha (Annsycha)
  • Cruel (Merciful) = Myla (Annmyla)
  • Deep (Shallow) = Ifina (Annifina)
  • Easy (Difficult) = Smya (Annsmya)
  • Extra = Hunta
  • Evil (Benevolent) = Dryja (Anndryja)
  • Fast (Slow) = Leska (Annleska)
  • Free (Expensive) = Haela (Annhaela)
  • Fresh (Stale) = Irona (Annirona)
  • Friendly (Mean) = Cara (Anncara)
  • Full (Empty) = Lana (Annlana)
  • Good (Bad) = Da (Annda)
  • Great/Big/Grand (Petite) = Mara (Annmara)
  • Happy (Sad) = Dyda (Anndyda)
  • New (Old) = Sibona (Annsibona)
  • Quick (Sluggish) = Rrutha (Annrrutha)
  • Real (Counterfeit) = Silweda (Annsilweda)
  • Rich (Poor) = Aba (Annaba)
  • Slow (Fast) = Gwipa (Anngwipa)
  • Special (Mundane) = Adada (Annadada)
  • Sure/infallible (Confused/Timid) = Dija (Anndija)
  • Very (Slightly) = Pura (Annpura)
  • Wonderful (Terrible) = Ryfetha (Annryfetha)

Colors

  • Black = Figa
  • Blue = Gla
  • Brown = Jocha
  • Gray = Britha
  • Green = Linna
  • Orange = Malina
  • Pink = Utka
  • Purple = Thoura
  • Red = Kouda
  • Tan = Jisa
  • Violet = Grrina
  • White = Bana
  • Yellow = Mela
  • Light = Gwa (or Anndura)
  • Dark = Dura (or Anngwa)

Practice
Say the following in Adonese:

The quick gunships attack the slow tank.
Gwur rrutha nybagenn sodis gwur gwipa gwardas.

Red soldiers will fight blue soldiers.
Kouda rathenn kyfranu gla rathiae.

You bought very good food.
Til kaesas pura da porthas.

She has wonderful children.
Lil oris ryfetha grithiae.

The old officer will buy a light green car.
Gwur annsibona sithogel kaesu gwa linna gradas.

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